Once the capital of Raja Bikramaditya and Raja Pratapaditya was at Dhumghat. Later it was transferred to Ishwaripur (Originated from the name Jeshoreshwaripur). Raja Pratapaditya declared independence of south bengal (Jashohar) against the Mughal Empire of India.

Jashoreshwari Kali Temple (built by Raja Pratapaditya), Chanda Bhairab Mandir at Ishwaripur (a triangular temple, built during the Sena period), Five domed Tenga Mosque at Banshipur (Mughal period), two big and four small domed Hammankhana (constructed by Raja Pratapaditya) at Bangshipur, Govinda Dev Temple at Gopalpur (built by Basanta Roy, uncle of Raja Pratapaditya in 1593), Jahajghata Port (Khanpur).

A battle between the Pak army and the freedom fighters was held at Gopalpur on 20 August 1971 in which freedom fighters Subedar Ilias Khan, Abul Kalam Azad, Abdul Kader and Abdul Jabbar were killed. On 12 September 1971 the Pak army conducted genocide at Harinagar in which 39 persons were killed and 2 wounded. Mass killing sites are Harinagar and Katkhali. Memorial monuments are found at Gopalpur and Harinagar.


General Information

265004; male 50.46%, female 49.54%; Muslim 74.14%, Hindu 25.40%, Christian 0.06%, Buddhist 0.01% and others 0.39%; ethnic nationals: Munda (Buno) families 300.

Religious Institutions:
Mosque 251, temple 98, church 1 and sacred place 2, most noted of which are Banshipur Sahi Mosque (Tenga Mosque), tomb of Nurullah Khan at Nurnagar, Joseshwari Mandir and Chanda Bhairab Mandir.

Literacy and Educational Institutions:
Average literacy 28.1%; male 38% and female 17.4%. Educational institutions: college 5, high school 28, madrasa 98, government primary school 96, non-government primary school 56, kindergarten 2, orphanage 4. Noted educational institutions: Shyamnagar Kinder Garten, Nakipur Haricharan High School (1899), Nurnagar Ashalata High School (1955), Shyamnagar Muhsin College (1972).

Cultural Organisations:
Rural club 82, public library 1, martyr memorial library 1, cinema hall 2, literary society 3, theatre group 4, theatre stage 1, circus party 1, women’s organisation 3. Locally published newspapers and periodicals: Ayan (Nurnagar) and Pratya (Shyamnagar).

Main Occupations:
Agriculture 32.93%, agricultural labour 25.81%, wage labourer 6.21%, forestry 2.34%, fishing 5.5%, transport 1.61%, commerce 10.11%, service 3.38% and transport 12.11%.

Land Use:
Total cultivable land 38552 hectares, fallow land 6257.79 hectares; single crop 23.8%, double crop 55.06% and treble crop land 21.14%.

Land Control:
Among the peasants, 19% are landless, 30% small, 28% marginal, 16.5% intermediate and 6.5% rich; cultivable land per head 0.13 hectare.

Value of Land:
The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 7000 per 0.01 hectare.

Main Crops:
Paddy, jute, potato, linseed, sesame, pumpkin, mustard seed, kanchu and vegetables. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Local varieties of paddy. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 81, dairy 52, hatchery (poultry) 29.

Communication Facilities:
Roads (pucca 67 km, semi pucca 35 km and mud road 811 km) waterways 73 nautical mile. Traditional transports Palanquin, bullock cart and horse carriage. These means of transport are extinct or nearly extinct.

Manufactories Printing press 2, ice factory 4, saw mill 11 and lathe machine 4. Cottage industries Weaving 51, goldsmith 18, blacksmith 39, potteries 4, wood work 200, bamboo work 70, fishing 300, baowali 400, moual 250. Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 42, most noted of which are Shyamnagar, Nawabeki, Bhetkhali, Harinagar, Munshiganj, Gabura and Nurnagar Bazar; fairs 6.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, caritas, asa, Sushilan, LEDARS, GUS, Nakshi Kantha Mohila Unnayan Sangstha, Shyamnagar Mohila Attakarmasangsthan, Setu, Bharasa.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 9.

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